Top African brands lose US$5.5 billion in brand value
The total value of Africa’s top 150 most valuable brands has declined by US$5.5 billion (12%) from US$45.5 billion in 2020 to US$40.0 billion in 2021.
The COVID-19 pandemic has played a key role in the downturn in the brand value of Africa’s top brands. Lockdown measures and travel bans were implemented throughout the year and across the continent, creating uncertainty and impacting brands’ ability to do business as usual.
In a year that saw most African countries go into lockdown and significant unrest across the continent, a decline in total brand value for the top African brands is unsurprising. Following the pandemic, African brands will need to search for opportunities to make up lost ground. By embracing new technologies and collaboration, the continent can propel its recovery and bounce back from the extraordinary situation the world has found itself in.Jeremy Sampson, Managing Director, Brand Finance Africa
MTN peaks again
South Africa’s MTN has retained the title of Africa’s most valuable brand, despite recording a 19% drop in brand value to US$2.7 billion. The telecoms giant dominates on home soil too, this year holding onto its decade-long reign as South Africa’s most valuable brand, according to the Brand Finance South Africa 50 2021 report.
It has been a turbulent year for MTN, however, with the brand facing several scandals from its money mobile services been hacked in Uganda, to being accused of price discrimination practices alongside telecos rival and second-ranked Vodacom (brand value down 16% to US$1.7 billion). MTN has also begun to scale down its operations, announcing its exit from the Middle East, in order to focus and build further across Africa.
With the recent appointment of Ralph Mupita to the helm as CEO, as well as the successful launch of its 5G network across major South African cities, MTN will hope to use these developments as a springboard to capture some of its lost brand value moving forward.
South African brands dominate
South African brands dominate the Brand Finance Africa 150 2021 ranking once again, with the entire top ten hailing from the nation. In total, 81 South African brands feature with a cumulative brand value of US$29.0 billion, equating to 73% of the total brand value in the ranking - a 15% decrease from last year.
MTN and Vodacom lead the way, with First National Bank (brand value US$1.3 billion), Old Mutual (brand value US$1.3 billion) and Standard Bank (US$1.3 billion) completing the top five. In total, there are only 19 of the continent’s 54 countries with brand representation in the ranking.
Nigeria is South Africa’s closest competitor with 17 brands featuring, which account for 6% of the cumulative brand value in the ranking. 33 Export (down 8% to US$292 million) is Nigeria’s most valuable brand, sitting in 43rd in the overall ranking. This brand value decrease is in line with the trend seen for alcohol brands across the continent and the rest of the world with people going out and drinking less because of the pandemic.
Morocco is the third most represented nation in the ranking, with 10 brands featuring, which account for 6% of the total brand value. Claiming 13th spot is Maroc Telecom – the highest ranked brand from outside South Africa – jumping five spots following a modest 1% rise in brand value to US$761 million. The telecoms brand was able to capitalize on the increased reliability on its services over the previous year and a half, with both work and social lives forced to turn online, managing to increase its customer base, seeing an uptick of 10% in broadband users.
Banking, telecoms, and insurance are Africa’s most valuable sectors
Banking, telecoms, and insurance remain Africa’s most valuable sectors, but cumulative brand values across the sectors have taken a hit.
The continent’s most valuable sector, banking, has 36 brands featured in the ranking, accounting for 27% of the total brand value, but has dropped 12% year-on-year. The economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are difficult to ignore, and this drop in brand value is in line with the negative trend seen across the rest of the world. There are a few outliers, however, Kenya Commercial Bank (up 12% to US$209 million), Morocco’s Bank of Africa (up 11% to US$221 million) and Nigeria’s Access Bank (up 8% to US$262 million) have all recorded solid brand value growth and are all their respective country’s fastest growing brands this year.
In second is the telecoms sector, with 26 brands featured and accounting for 21% of the total brand value in the ranking. Despite the sector boasting the number one and two ranked brands in the overall ranking, the industry still lost 14% of cumulative brand value year-on-year, down to US$8.5 billion. As with all big telcos globally, these brands are being squeezed from all sides as OTT messaging apps like WhatsApp are impacting voice and SMS revenue, and challenger brands offer comparable data services at below-market rates, leading to fierce price competition and decreasing margins.
The insurance sector fared slightly better than the other two, seeing only a 5% drop in total brand value to US$3.6 billion. Old Mutual retained its spot as the most valuable insurance brand in the ranking and moved up one spot to 4th, despite a 7% drop in brand value. However, the retail sector is rapidly catching up to insurance and held firm throughout the pandemic, only seeing a marginal drop in cumulative brand value, which now stands at US$3.4 billion. South Africa’s Shoprite saw a 1% drop in brand value to US$777 million but remains Africa’s most valuable retail brand, climbing five places to 11th.
Capitec Bank crowned Africa’s strongest brand
In addition to measuring brand value, Brand Finance also determines the relative strength of brands through a balanced scorecard of metrics evaluating marketing investment, stakeholder equity, and business performance. According to these criteria, Capitec Bank has overtaken Vodacom to be crowned Africa’s strongest brand, with a Brand Strength Index (BSI) score of 89.2 out of 100 and a corresponding AAA brand strength rating.
According to the Brand Finance Global Brand Equity Monitor, Capitec is one of the five most reputable banking brands in the world. Reputation (and the main drivers of reputation) is highly correlated with brand consideration. Banks that outperform in reputation – excelling in meeting customer needs – also outperform in consideration. Capitec scores extremely highly for both.
Surpassing the 15 million client mark in December 2020, Capitec has more customers than any other South African bank, all of whom benefit from its excellent customer service and personalised banking experience. The pandemic increased the number of online shoppers to more than ever before - the banking brand responded by launching a virtual banking card, making online transactions easier and safer for its customers.
Safaricom retains Kenya’s most valuable brand title
Safaricom (brand value US$716 million) has retained the title of Kenya’s most valuable brand, despite falling three places to 15th and recording a 26% year-on-year drop in brand value. The telecoms company expanded its revenue streams by acquiring the mobile money platform M-Pesa in a joint venture with Vodacom.
However, M-Pesa did not perform as well as anticipated with Safricom seeing a 6% decline in profit year-on-year. The total value of M-Pesa transactions grew by 33% but it was unable to capitalise on this. Transaction fees for payments of $9 or less were scrapped by order of the Central Bank of Kenya as part of the government’s COIVD-19 relief efforts. The services popularity and the likely reintroduction of these transaction fees does stand Safaricom in good stead, however, to see future growth in this area and regain this year’s lost brand value.
Kenyan banking sector in the green
The Kenyan banking sector is in good health with three brands now featured in the ranking, including Kenya’s fastest growing brand – Kenya Commercial Bank (brand value up 12% to US$209 million). Equity Group saw an 8% jump in brand value to US$202 million and moved up to the 60th spot and new entrant Co-Operative Bank of Kenya enters the ranking at 77th with a brand value of US$114 million.
The sector saw a cumulative brand value growth of 10% year-on-year. These brands go against global trend in the banking sector where most have lost brand value. The three banks have all been involved in takeovers and acquisitions over the course of the year, improving their reputation and slowly expanding their footprints across the country and continent respectively.
Access Bank is Nigeria’s fastest growing
Access Bank is Nigeria’s fastest growing brand, following an 8% increase in brand value to US$262 million – growth that has bucked the global trend for the banking sector this year.
Access Bank has celebrated strong revenue growth over the previous year and has made some strides towards its expansion plans, through completing acquisitions across Zambia and Kenya. The bank shows no signs of slowing down with plans underway to enter the South African market through its investment in Grobank – a key part of the bank’s wider mission to become ‘Africa’s Gateway to the World’.